Cuban and chinese guerrilla warfare reasoning and effectiveness

Perhaps five troop-laden ships had sailed from Cuba in late October, arriving in Angola during the middle of November. Foco A Tuareg rebel fighter in northern Niger, Why does the guerrilla fighter fight. As Richard Harris points out: Nothing in essence has changed, except that I am more conscious, and my Marxism has taken root and become pure.

Guerrilla forces principally fight in accordance with the law of war jus in bello. This still happens in Cuba today. Consequently we resolved to use the word nonviolent. In communist leader Mao Zedong raised the flag of a rural rebellion that continued for 22 years.

The purpose of this paper is to examine some of the common aspects of guerrilla warfare and its causes. Simply put Lee was smart enough to realize that guerrilla warfare was stupid and futile. Where a government has come into power through some form of popular vote, fraudulent or not, and maintains at least an appearance of constitutional legality, the guerrilla outbreak cannot be promoted since the possibilities of peaceful struggle have not yet been exhausted.

Mao was twelve years older than Guevara at the time of writing and had nearly a decade more guerrilla experience. Che Guevara in Bolivia. Che had that quality of personal magnetism that attracts and inspires the loyalty and devotion of others.

The limits of foreign assistance must be clearly defined and carefully used. It covers revolutionary strategies, tactics and organization, and points out the pros and cons of rural and urban guerrilla warfare.

While Mao does give some advice in this area, it is tangential to his main arguments and is mentioned only sporadically through different chapters of the book. In the 12th century the Crusader invasion of Syria was at times stymied by the guerrilla tactics of the Seljuq Turks, a frustration shared by the Normans in their conquest of Ireland — The counter-insurgent regime must not overreact to guerrilla provocations, since this may indeed be what they seek to create a crisis in civilian morale.

Key Differences There are four major points of disagreement between Guevara and Mao. Characteristic of each of these, however, is the inability to deliver the crushing blow to the state.

Africa was still emerging from colonialism when Castro came to power, thus presenting him many opportunities. In their conquest of Ireland, the Normans borrowed the enemy guerrilla tactics of feigned retreat, flanking attack by cavalryand surprise.

Guevara also talks about the need to protect civilians, "a peasant must always be helped technically, economically, morally, and culturally, the guerrilla fighter will be a sort of guardian angel" by saving and helping the peasants the process of social reform will increase.

Even if some of his theories have not held true, insurgents and counter-insurgents alike would be unwise to discount him completely. A systematic process must be set up to do so, from casual questioning of civilians to structured interrogations of prisoners. To the south was the well-equipped, well-trained 50,man South African army.

Both were committed communists who fought and won guerrilla struggles. Once sufficient base and operational areas are established, guerrilla operations can be extended to include cities and vulnerable lines of communication.


In the manual, Guevara espouses three reasons for revolution: Mao is still regularly read by insurgents and counter-insurgents alike. Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search.

Thus, field evidence suggests, classical theory is necessary but not sufficient for success against contemporary insurgencies From what I recall, 25, Confederate soldiers were given parole at Appomattox.

While the Cubans had been crossing the Atlantic, the South Africans had apparently airlifted a few troops plus some armored cars into central Angola. They must also be prepared to suffer the manpower attrition associated with this kind of warfare.


Simon and Schuster, While he makes a good case for their importance to the movement Mao mentions the topic hardly at allGuevara clearly did not see them as equal partners in the guerrilla enterprise.

Mao leaves no doubt of its importance: He drilled his men in the employment of light machine guns and in rudimentary demolitions.

Guerrilla Warfare (Spanish: La Guerra de Guerrillas) is a book by Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara that was written right after the Cuban Revolution and published in It soon became the guidebook for thousands of guerrilla fighters in various countries around the world.

[1] After his success in the Cuban Revolution, Che Guevara gained a global reputation as a rising revolutionary figure. Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, At least one author credits the ancient Chinese work The Art of War with inspiring Mao's tactics.: and Lenin's text of the same name, all written after the successful revolutions carried by them in China, Cuba and Russia.

Guerrilla Warfare (book)

The tactics of guerrilla warfare were used successfully in the second half of the 20th century by -- among others -- the People's Liberation Army in the Chinese Civil War, Fidel Castro's rebel army in the Cuban Revolution, and by the Viet Cong, the North Vietnam Army in the Vietnam War, by the Polisario Front in the Western Sahara War, the.

The Vietcong were no match for the American forces in open warfare and so developed guerrilla tactics.

Strategy and tactics of guerrilla warfare

The principles were simple. Retreat when the enemy attacks, raid when the enemy camps, attack when the enemy tires and pursue when the enemy retreats. Strategy and tactics of guerrilla warfare Jump to Above is a simplified version of a typical ambush attack by one of the most effective of post-WWII guerrilla forces, the Viet Cong (VC).

Why did Lee choose to surrender to Grant rather than promote guerilla warfare?

Examples of successful guerrilla warfare against a native regime include the Cuban Revolution and the Chinese Civil War. Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

Cuban and chinese guerrilla warfare reasoning and effectiveness
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Guerrilla warfare - Wikipedia